Classification

The higher classification used in the Neuropterida Species of the World (NSW; Table 3) generally follows the taxonomies contained in relevant recent monographic works, and is further guided by recent phylogenetic studies, where available. Where multiple phylogenies/taxonomies exist in the recent literature the author has used his judgement in creating a classification calculated to best reflect current phylogenetic knowledge within the constraints of using nested ranks to construct a heirarchical classification. While the monophyly of most extant families appears likely, based on recent phylogenetic work, the monophyly of many lower-ranked extant taxa in the family group is less certain, and most of these have yet to be investigated in detail with modern phylogenetic techniques and dense subtaxon sampling. The monophyly, and inter- and intrafamilial phylogenetic relationships of most families that contain only extinct species are also still poorly know. Table 3. The higher classification (order to subtribe) used in the Neuropterida Species of the World. Orders are listed alphabetically, and all subtaxa are listed alphabetically within each higher taxon. No phylogenetic sequencing should be assumed.

Order Suborder Superfamily Epifamily Family Subfamily Tribe Subtribe
Glosselytrodea Archoglossopteridae
Glosselytridae
Jurinidae
Permoberothidae
MegalopteraH† CorydalidaeH† ChauliodinaeH†
Corydalidae, incertae sedis
CorydalinaeH†
Megaloptera, incertae sedis
SialidaeH† Sharasialinae
SialinaeH†
NeuropteraH† Neuroptera, incertae sedis
ChrysopoideaH† Ascalochrysidae
ChrysopidaeH† ApochrysinaeH
Chrysopidae, incertae sedisH†
ChrysopinaeH† AnkylopteryginiH
BelonopteryginiH
Chrysopinae, incertae sedis
ChrysopiniH†
LeucochrysiniH†
NothancyliniH
Limaiinae
NothochrysinaeH†
Chrysopoidea, incertae sedis
Mesochrysopidae Allopterinae
Corydasialinae
Mesochrysopidae, incertae sedis
Mesochrysopinae
Tachinymphinae
Osmylitidae
Solenoptilidae
ConiopterygoideaH† ConiopterygidaeH† AleuropteryginaeH† Aleuropteryginae, incertae sedis
AleuropteryginiH
ConiocompsiniH†
FontenelleiniH†
BrucheiserinaeH
Coniopterygidae, incertae sedis
ConiopteryginaeH† Coniopteryginae, incertae sedis
ConiopteryginiH†
ConwentziiniH†
Phthanoconini
Cretaconiopteryginae
Toarciconiopteryginae
DilaroideaH† DilaridaeH† BerothellinaeH
Cretadilarinae
DilarinaeH†
NallachiinaeH
HemerobioideaH† HemerobiidaeH† AdelphohemerobiinaeH
CarobiinaeH
DrepanacrinaeH
DrepanepteryginaeH†
Hemerobiidae, incertae sedis
HemerobiinaeH†
MegalominaeH†
MicrominaeH
NotiobiellinaeH†
SympherobiinaeH†
ZachobiellinaeH
MantispoideaH† BerothidaeH† Berothidae, incertae sedis
BerothimerobiinaeH
BerothinaeH†
CyrenoberothinaeH†
Mesithoninae
NosybinaeH†
NyrminaeH
Paraberothinae
ProtobiellinaeH
TrichomatinaeH
MantispidaeH† CalomantispinaeH†
Dipteromantispinae
Doratomantispinae
DrepanicinaeH†
Mantispidae, incertae sedis
MantispinaeH†
Mesomantispinae
RhachiberothidaeH† Rhachiberothidae, incertae sedis
RhachiberothinaeH†
SymphrasinaeH†
MyrmeleontoideaH† MyrmeleontoidaeH† MyrmeleontidaeH† Araripeneurinae Araripeneurinae, incertae sedis
Araripeneurini
Cratoalloneurini
Cratopteryxini
AscalaphinaeH† Ascalaphinae, incertae sedisH†
AscalaphiniH
DimariniH
HaplogleniiniH†
PalpariniH
StilbopteryginiH
UlulodiniH†
DendroleontinaeH† AcanthoplectriniH
DendroleontiniH†
Myrmeleontidae, incertae sedis
MyrmeleontinaeH† AcanthaclisiniH
BrachynemuriniH†
MyrmecaeluriniH
MyrmeleontiniH†
NesoleontiniH
NemoleontinaeH GlenuriniH
MegistopiniH
NemoleontiniH
ProtoplectriniH
Myrmeleontoidae, incertae sedis
Palaeoleontidae
Pseudonymphidae
Myrmeleontoidea, incertae sedis
NemopteroidaeH† NemopteridaeH† CrocinaeH† Crocinae, incertae sedisH†
CrociniH
NecrophyliniH
PastranaiiniH
Nemopteridae, incertae sedis
NemopterinaeH†
NymphoideaH† IthonoidaeH† IthonidaeH† Epigambriinae
Ithonidae, incertae sedis
IthoninaeH
PolystoechotinaeH†
RapismatinaeH†
Ithonoidae, incertae sedis
NymphoidaeH† Babinskaiidae
NymphidaeH† MyiodactylinaeH†
Nymphidae, incertae sedis
NymphinaeH†
Rafaelianidae
PsychopsoidaeH† Aetheogrammatidae Aetheogrammatidae, incertae sedis
Aetheogrammatinae
Ectopogrammatinae
KalligrammatidaeH† Cretanallachiinae
Kalligrammatidae, incertae sedis
Kalligrammatinae
KallihemerobiinaeH†
Liassopsychopinae
Meioneurinae
Oregrammatinae
Sophogrammatinae
Osmylopsychopidae
Panfiloviidae Grammolingiinae
Panfiloviinae
Prohemerobiidae Parakseneurinae
Prohemerobiinae
PsychopsidaeH† Psychopsidae, incertae sedis
PsychopsinaeH
SilveirainaeH
Triassopsychopinae
ZygophlebiinaeH
Psychopsoidae, incertae sedis
OsmyloideaH† Archeosmylidae
NevrorthidaeH†
OsmylidaeH† EidoporisminaeH†
GumillinaeH†
KempyninaeH†
Mesosmylininae
Osmylidae, incertae sedis
OsmylinaeH†
PorisminaeH
ProtosmylinaeH†
SpilosmylinaeH†
StenosmylinaeH
Osmyloidea, incertae sedis
Saucrosmylidae
SisyridaeH† Paradoxosisyrinae
Sisyridae, incertae sedis
SisyrinaeH†
Neuropterida, incertae sedis Permithonidae
RaphidiopteraH† Priscaenigmatomorpha Chrysoraphidiidae
Priscaenigmatoidea Priscaenigmatidae
RaphidiomorphaH† RaphidioideaH† InocelliidaeH† Electrinocelliinae
Inocelliidae, incertae sedis
InocelliinaeH†
RaphidiidaeH† Raphidiidae, incertae sedis
RaphidiinaeH† AgulliniH†
AleniniH
RaphidiiniH† MongoloraphidiinaH
OhmellinaH†
RaphidiinaH†
Raphidiini, incertae sedisH
RaphidillinaH
Succinoraphidiinae
Raphidiomorpha, incertae sedis Baissopteridae
Mesoraphidiidae Alloraphidiinae
Mesoraphidiidae, incertae sedis
Mesoraphidiinae Mesoraphidiinae, incertae sedis
Mesoraphidiini
Nanoraphidiini
Ororaphidiinae
Metaraphidiidae
Raphidioptera, incertae sedis Juroraphidiidae
Nanosialidae Nanosialinae
Raphisialinae
Parasialidae
Raphidioptera, incertae sedis
Symbols: H = taxon contains only living species, or both living species and species that became extinct (i.e., are last documented by specimens that died) during the Holocene (i.e., ‘Recent’ species); = taxon contains only species that became extinct (i.e., are last documented by specimens that died) prior to the Holocene (i.e., ‘fossil’ species); H† = taxon contains one or more ‘Recent’ species and one or more ‘fossil’ species. Notes: For the purposes of this work, a ‘fossil’ is defined as the remains (cast, impression, mineral replacement, etc.) of an organism (or any of its parts) that is believed to have died prior to the beginning of the Holocene Epoch (i.e., before 0.0118 Ma; Geologic Time Scale 2012, Gradstein et al. 2012).